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Vedic Mathematics Index

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What is Vedic Mathematics?

“Welcome to the Wonderful World of Vedic Mathematics”

Vedic mathematics was re-discovered from our ancient Veda by Jagadguru Shankaracharya Shri Bharti Krishna Tirthaji Maharaj (1884-1960).

Tirthaji image

Shri Bharti Krishnaji was born in March 1884, his childhood name was Venkatraman. He was extraordinary brilliant from his schooldays. In 1899 at the age of 15 Madras Sanskrit Association awarded him by the title Saraswathi.

Tirthaji wrote the mathematical Sutras in Manuscript, that he discovered by long 8 years of Meditation (1911-1918). Unfortunately, that manuscript was lost. Finally, in 1957 in his old age in spite of having bad health condition & poor eyesight he re-wrote the Sutras by just memorizing it. He wanted to write more about it, but he suffered by Cataract in both of his eyes & went in a Samadhi in 1960.

Vedic mathematics contains 16 – Sutras & 13 – Sub-Sutras, which cover almost all the branches of mathematics. There are different shortcut tricks & formulas available for addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, square & square-root of number as well as cube & cube-root of number. We can also apply the sutras to solve simultaneous equations, Percentage calculations, factorization, Trigonometric calculations etc. It does not contain only the shortcut tricks but also develop the logical thinking. Difficult & lengthy problems can also solve by one-line formula that create child’s interest in mathematics.

We can divide the sutras in to two parts, general technique & specific technique. Where general technique is applicable to all combination of number & specific technique is applicable to a selected combination of number. General method to solve any mathematical problem is from right to left, but sutras work from left to right as naturally human brain works.

One can solve the sum by 3-4 different methods, so student must apply their own logic to select the easiest method, this leads to add interest, curiosity & creativity in math’s.

But without practicing, the effectiveness & simplicity of this method is incomplete.

I have read many books, studied the available websites on Vedic mathematics & also listened YouTube videos & then prepared the blogs of this website in a very easy way so that anyone can understand it in only one or two readings.


Benefits of Vedic Mathematics

* Fast and easy

* Useful for all age group

* Create student’s interest in math’s and eradicates fear and phobia of the subject.

* Sharpen kids mind and increase logical thinking.

* Even bigger digits problems are also solved in some seconds.

* It reduced dependence on calculators.

* Increase concentration in children.


List of the sutras compiled by Swamiji are-

Name of 16- Sutras-


1.Ekadhikina Purvena

Meaning: By one more than the previous.

2.Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah

Meaning: All from 9 & last from 10

3.Urdhva- Tiryagbyham

Meaning: Vertically & crosswise

4.Paravarty Yojayet

Meaning: Transpose & Adjust

5.Shunyam Saamyasamuccaye

Meaning: When the sum is same the sum is zero

6.(Anurupye) Shunyamanyat

Meaning: If one is in ratio, the other is Zero.


Meaning: By addition & by subtraction


Meaning: By the completion or non-completion


Meaning: Differences & Similarities


Meaning: Whatever the extent of its deficiency


Meaning: Part & whole

12.Shesanyankena charamena

Meaning: The remainder by the last digit


Meaning: The ultimate & twice the Penultimate

14.Ekanyunena purvena

Meaning: By one less than the previous one


Meaning: The product of the sum is equal to the sum of the product


Meaning: The factor of the sum is equal to the sum of the factor

Name of 13 sub-sutras

1. Anurupyena

2. Sisyate Sesasamjnah

3. Adyamadyenantya-Mantyena

4. Kevalaih Saptakam Gunyat

5. Vestanam

6. Yavadunam Tavadunam

7. Yavadunam Tavadunikrtya varganca Yojayet

8. Antyayordasake’pi

9. Antyayoreva

10. Samuccayagunitah

11. Lopanasthapanabhyam

12. Vilokanam

13. Gunitasamuccayah:  Samuccayagunitaj:


Learn more from given link-

Fast calculation by series of 9

Square of number ends with 5


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